UW School of Dentistry

DENTPC 534

Dental Curriculum Threads

Introduction to Oral Pathology

Course Director: Dolphine Oda
Credits: 3
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

This is the first course in a three-part oral-pathology series (spring, summer, and winter) designed to introduce students to oral diseases bridging the field of dentistry to medicine. These courses are designed with the philosophy that a command of oral diseases by dental practitioners makes dentistry part of a patient’s overall health care with dentists as members of a patient’s broader health care team. DENTPC 534 is a lecture and clinical (CPC-clinical pathologic conference) course that covers oral soft-tissue diseases.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Describe oral and maxillofacial diseases.
2. Identify oral and maxillofacial disease pathogenesis.
3. Correlate the histopathology of a disease with the clinical presentation of a disease.
4. Formulate a working differential diagnosis.
5. Appropriately manage diseases within the scope of a general practitioner.
6. Refer oral and maxillofacial diseases that are beyond the scope of a general practitioner.
7. Describe how to handle a pathology specimen from collection to delivery.
8. Interpret a pathology report using histopathology descriptive terminology.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-02, C-05, C-06, C-09, C-11, C-12, C-14, C-20, C-24, C-25, C-30, C-31, CE-02, CE-07

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

DENTPC 533

Dental Curriculum Threads

Dental Materials Science 2

Course Director: Dr. Kwok-Hung (Albert) Chung
Credits: 1
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

This course is a continuation of DENTPC 523. Students apply their college knowledge of chemistry, physics, and biology to the basic science of materials used in dentistry, and learn compositions, properties, and manipulation techniques of biomaterials used in dental applications.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Classify direct gold filling materials according to the manufacturing processes used.
2. Classify dental casting alloys according to their components and functions.
3. Classify investment materials according to their compositions and desired properties.
4. Explain the lost-wax technique, casting procedures, and associated casting problems.
5. Compare the effects of materials and devices used for finishing and polishing procedures.
6. Describe the development, compositions, properties, and potential challenges of dental amalgam materials.
7. Describe the development, compositions, and properties of both resin-based composite filling and dental adhesive systems.
8. Discuss the use of ceramic materials in dentistry including the porcelain-fused-to-metal restoration and bonding mechanisms.
9. Discuss the ceramic materials for all-ceramic prostheses.
10. Explain the development, compositions, and properties of dental cements.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-03, C-10, C-11, C-12, C-15, C-19, C-20, C-21, C-28, CE-05, CE-06

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

DENTPC 532

Dental Curriculum Threads

Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology Theory 1

Course Director: Peggy Lee
Credits: 2
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

Dental radiography uses ionizing radiation; thus, it is essential that all dental personnel maintain knowledge of radiographic techniques and radiation safety to perform clinical procedures. The course reviews current knowledge of radiation physics, biology, and protection and imaging principles, as well as techniques. The most common pathology in dentistry also will be discussed. The course is a didactic experience and will be conducted using lectures aided by online videos.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Discuss the principles of radiation physics.
2. Describe the biologic effects of ionizing radiation.
3. Discuss the principles and techniques of commonly used diagnostic imaging techniques in general dental practice.
4. Interpret two- and three-dimensional dental and maxillofacial radiographs.
5. Determine which type of and how many dental radiographs are needed on an individual basis.
6. Use digital imaging software tools.
7. Explain to patients the benefits and potential risks of the use of diagnostic ionizing radiation.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-03, C-09, C-10, C-12, C-13, CE-02, CE-03, CE-05, CE-06

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

DENTPC 531

Dental Curriculum Threads

Introduction to Evidence-Based Dentistry

Course Director: Philippe Hujoel
Credits: 1
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

Evidence-based medicine is a term which was first coined in 1992 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It is a term which places an emphasis on systematic searches of the clinical literature and the application of formal rules of evidence evaluating the clinical literature. The aim of this course is for the student to become familiar with what evidence-based medicine is and to be able to distinguish it from finance-based medicine.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Identify the levels of evidence.
2. Formulate questions about etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatments/interventions.
3. Identify the types of study design and biases.
4. Calculate measures of association.
5. Select different strategies and resources while performing literature searches.
6. Apply the concepts of evidence-based medicine covered in this class to dental literature.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-10

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

DENTPC 530

Dental Curriculum Threads

Introduction to Operative Dentistry

Course Director: Alireza Sadr & Grace Huang
Credits: 2
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

This course presents basic operative topics in lecture format, preparing the student for upcoming courses that provide hands-on operative experience in the simulation labs and clinics. Topics include but are not limited to dental caries from a clinical perspective, principles of minimally invasive operative dentistry, selection of dental materials, and principles of tooth preparation.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Describe dental caries classifications, risk assessment, and risk management based on national and international guidelines.
2. Apply ethical decision-making and the logic of surgical cavity preparation techniques to clinical scenarios involving dental caries and defects.
3. Apply a basic knowledge of dental composites, bonding agents, and photo-curing strategies to a clinical scenario.
4. Integrate relevant information from patient cases and the dental literature to formulate appropriate diagnostic or treatment decisions.
5. Assess cavity preparations and restorations using accepted clinical nomenclature and standards of clinical care in use in UWSOD clinics.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-02, C-03, C-06, C-09, C-10, C-11, C-12, C-13, C-15, C-16, C-17, C-18, C-19, C-22, C-23, C-24, C-25, C-26, C-28, CE-03, CE-06, CE-07

Date last updated: 2022-29-03

DENTFN 533

Dental Curriculum Threads

Oral Histology & Embryology 2

Course Director: Tracy Popowics (Seattle) & Judd Case (RIDE Spokane)
Credits: 3
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring/1

Course Overview

In this second course in oral histology and embryology, dental students continue to study the development, microscopic and submicroscopic structure, and functional aspects of hard and soft oral tissues. Included are the embryonic development of the head and neck; morphodifferentiation of face and oral structures; and relationships between development and structure, and structure and function in the histology or ultrastructure of oral tissues. This knowledge is foundational to a deep understanding of human disease.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Describe the biological principles and details of the development, structure, and function of oral tissues.
2. Describe the normal structures of the oral tissues in preparation for courses in oral pathology and oral medicine
3. Explain the basis for rational therapy through the application of basic science principles in the diagnosis and treatment of clinical problems.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-03, CE-02, CE-03

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

DENTFN 531

Dental Curriculum Threads

Energetics and Homeostasis

Course Director: Bruce Silverstein
Credits: 5
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

This course covers energy metabolism, nutrition, obesity, diabetes, gastrointestinal/liver physiology, and endocrinology. Topics include the physiology and pathology of digestion and hepatic function, clinical nutrition, endocrine integration of metabolism, and clinically important endocrine pathophysiology. It also covers relevant anatomy, histology, and pharmacology of endocrine and gastrointestinal systems.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Describe the normal physiologic functions of the major endocrine and gastrointestinal organs.
2. Describe the hormonal feedback mechanisms of the endocrine and gastrointestinal systems that result in normal function.
3. Relate altered hormonal feedback mechanisms to disease processes in the endocrine and gastrointestinal systems.
4. Describe the pathologic processes that lead to disease in the endocrine and gastrointestinal organ systems.
5. Describe the etiology of the major diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, and the endocrine system.
6. Describe the clinical manifestations of the major diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, and the endocrine system.
7. Determine the best (e.g., most accurate, safest, or least expensive) method of diagnosing endocrine and gastrointestinal diseases.
8. Determine the best (e.g., most accurate, safest, or least expensive) method of treating specific endocrine and gastrointestinal diseases.
9. Select appropriate medications based on their mechanism of action for the treatment of the major diseases affecting the gastrointestinal and endocrine systems.
10. Relate knowledge of the cellular structures of the tissues and organs to their normal function in the endocrine and gastrointestinal systems.
11. Relate basic concepts of nutrition to the maintenance of health and development of disease states.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-03, C-10, C-11, C-12, C-17, C-18, C-26, C-28, C-31, CE-02, CE-03, CE-06, CE-07

Date last updated: 2022-03-29

 

DENTFN 530

Dental Curriculum Threads

Blood and Cancer

Course Director: David Dean
Credits: 3
Quarters/Yr of Program: Spring / 1

Course Overview

This overview of hematology and oncology addresses the biology of bone marrow and blood and introduces the multidisciplinary field of cancer medicine. Specific cancer subtypes provide illustrative examples of the impact of molecular biology and environmental risk factors on the development and treatment of malignancy. There will be an emphasis on head and neck cancer and the oral complications of cancer therapy.

Learning Objectives

The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:

1. Differentiate the properties of hematopoietic stem cells and mature blood cells.
2. Outline the process of hematopoiesis from hematopoietic stem cell through terminal differentiation in the lymphoid and myeloid lineages.
3. Compare and contrast the morphology, function, and relative life span of erythrocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes, and thrombocytes.
4. Summarize the clinical features of anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, aplastic anemia, thalassemia, and sickle cell anemia and the diagnostic tests in their assessment.
5. Describe the functional components of the immune system and the clinical impacts of immunosuppression.
6. Explain the clinical significance of each item in a CBC with differential.
7. Rank the relative proportion of white blood cell subtypes under normal circumstances.
8. Create a perioperative treatment plan for a patient with anemia.
9. Explain the goals of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, head-and-neck cancer surgery, hematopoietic cell transplantation, and anti-osteoclastic therapy in the treatment of cancer.
10. Create a perioperative treatment plan for a patient with neutropenia.
11. Outline the steps in hemostasis.
12. Summarize the clinical features of abnormal hemostasis and thrombosis.
13. Create a perioperative plan for a patient with elevated risk for bleeding.
14. Compare and contrast the characteristics of normal cells with those in benign neoplasia, malignancy, and metastasis.
15. Describe the histologic features of normal epithelium, benign epithelial hyperplasia, epithelial dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and squamous cell carcinoma.
16. Summarize the modifiable and non-modifiable factors influencing cancer risk (including risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal cancer).
17. Describe the clinical characteristics of the most common solid cancers in the United States and the screening tools used to identify them.
18. Explain the functional purpose of cancer chemotherapy and the biological principles on which chemotherapies are based.
19. Describe the clinical characteristics and relative potential for malignant transformation for leukoplakia, erythroplakia, proliferative verrucous leukoplakia, and oral lichen planus.
20. Compare the epidemiologic, pathophysiologic, and clinical characteristics of tobacco-induced oral squamous cell carcinoma and HPV-induced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
21. Identify signs and symptoms suspicious for cancer based on patient history and clinical examination.
22. Design a diagnostic plan when signs or symptoms suspicious for cancer are identified.
23. Compare and contrast treatment modalities for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma based on TNM staging and depth of invasion.
24. Describe the anticipated treatment course, adverse effects, and potential oral complications of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, head-and-neck cancer surgery, hematopoietic cell transplantation, and anti-osteoclastic therapy in the treatment of cancer.
25. Create a treatment plan to minimize, mitigate, or manage the potential oral complications of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, head-and-neck cancer surgery, hematopoietic cell transplantation, and anti-osteoclastic therapy.

UWSOD Competencies: C-01, C-03, C-10, C-12, C-13, C-14, C-15, C-17, C-18, C-24, C-28, C-31, CE-02, CE-03, CE-06

Date last updated: 2022-03-30