This is the first endodontics course in the predoctoral dental curriculum and the only endodontics course prior to the endodontics clerkship. The course includes both didactic and laboratory components. The didactic component covers the biology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of pulpal and periapical pathoses. The preclinical laboratory component covers endodontic treatment techniques using extracted and artificial teeth. Endodontic treatment is performed on these teeth under clinical simulation conditions in preparation for treating patients in the Endodontics Clinic. Students must pass this course to proceed to the third-year endodontics clerkship.
At the end of the course, students will be able to:
1. Explain the biology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of pulpal and periapical pathoses.
2. Describe the usual anatomic variations in root and root canal anatomy of different tooth types.
3. Prepare an appropriate endodontic access in different tooth types.
4. Perform root canal instrumentation with the correct type, size, and sequence of instruments using hand and rotary instrumentation techniques.
5. Perform proper antimicrobial techniques during root canal therapy, including root canal irrigation, aseptic use of endodontic instruments, and medication and temporization of a tooth during root canal therapy.
6. Obturate root canals using appropriate techniques.
7. Diagnose pathoses of endodontic origin using correct pulpal and periapical diagnostic terminology.
8. Recommend treatment plans for endodontic care of patients.
Course Director: Natasha Flake Credits: 8 Quarters/Yr of Program: Autumn, Winter, Spring / 3
Endodontics Clerkship prepares dental students to provide endodontic therapy within the scope of practice of general dentistry. In the didactic component, students expand their knowledge in preparation for clinical experiences. In the clinical component, students treat patients including diagnosis, treatment planning, and endodontic therapy of a minimal difficulty level.
The student who successfully completes this course will be able to:
1. Perform endodontic examination and diagnostic testing procedures.
2. Diagnose pathoses of endodontic origin using correct pulpal and periapical diagnostic terminology.
3. Formulate treatment plans for the endodontic care of patients, including emergency and definitive treatment plans.
4. Provide emergency endodontic treatment: pulpectomy, pulpotomy, pulpal debridement, incision and drainage, caries control, and/or other palliative treatments.
5. Perform root canal therapy of minimal difficulty level.
6. Provide vital pulp therapy, when indicated.
7. Prescribe appropriate antibiotics and analgesics, when indicated.
8. Cite guidelines for treatment of traumatic dental injuries.
9. Determine when to treat and when to refer a case employing the “AAE Endodontic Case Difficulty Assessment Form and Guidelines.”
10. Recognize treatment options for conditions that may require referral to an endodontist: resorption, endo/perio lesions, apexification/regeneration cases, retreatment and endodontic surgery cases, and internal bleaching cases.
11. Evaluate endodontic case prognosis and outcomes.
12. Practice within a general dentist’s scope of practice in an ethical and professional manner.