Anatomy and Embryology for Dental Students
John Clark and Daniel Graney
13 Credits / Quarter 1 (Autumn, First Year)
Normal gross structures of thorax, abdomen, pelvis, perineum, upper extremity, and neck are discussed, then dissected on human cadavers. The development of each organ system is presented and related to the definitive normal adult structure. Developmental anomalies and diagnostic anatomy are also discussed.
The student will gain knowledge in the structural organization of the human body. The objectives will be for the student to be able to (1) identify the human bone structure, (2) understand the development and positioning of the thoracic and abdominal cavities in a cadaver and a living body, (3) understand the anatomical functions, development, and clinical significance of bodily organs and cavities, (4) identify the components of the body wall and important anatomic defects, (5) demonstrate understanding of the somatic and visceral nervous system, (6) know the lymphatic pathways and major groups of lymph nodes, (7) correlate the radiological appearance of thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic viscera with cadaveric and living anatomy, and (8) communicate knowledge of anatomy verbally or in writing in a coherent, logical, and systematic way using correct terminology.
Lecture topics included: general introduction to gross anatomy, embryology, and living anatomy; general organization of the body wall; concept of the body cavity; body wall; formation of the embryo; germ layers; formation of the body cavity; folding of the embryo; introduction to dissection; division of the body cavity; living anatomy of the breast; clinical relevance of somatic innervation; summary of the development of the body cavity; anatomy and embryology of the heart; development and gross anatomy of the interior of the heart; development of the esophagus, trachea, and the lung; introduction to the lymphatic system; clinical relevance of the autonomic nervous system; the periotoneal cavity; development of the gut; foregut, ventral, and dorsal mesogastrium; rotation of the gut; jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, colon; clinical relevance of the innervation of thoracic and abdominal viscera; the liver, duodenum, pancreas; development of posterior abdominal wall organs; lymph drainage of abdominal and pelvic organs; posterior aspect of anterior abdominal wall; inguinal region, scrotum, labia, hernias; development of pelvic organs; gross anatomy of the perineum; development of external genitalia and urogenital triangle; the urogenital triangle; anatomy of the pelvic exam; clinical relevance of pelvic and perineal innovation; thoracic anatomy; and the development of the aortic arches.
To successfully meet the requirements of this course, the student is expected to attend all lectures, dissection laboratories and small group sessions. Demonstrate his/her understanding of human structure and development through in class exercises, quizzes and examinations.
- UWSOD Competency 1: Examine a patient using contemporary diagnostic methods to evaluate the head and neck region and to reach a diagnosis of the patient’s oral and craniofacial health status.
- UWSOD Competency 22: Utilize critical thinking in assessing technical and scientific information for use in identifying patient needs and treatments.
The online Study Guide
Required Texts :
- Gray’s Anatomy for Students Drake, Vogl & Mitchell, Elsevier, 2004
- Langman’s Medical Embryology, Sadler, 10th Ed. 2006
- Atlas: (choose one that you like): Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, Augur & Lee, 11th ed (cited as GA in the online dissection/study guide), OR
- Atlas of Human Anatomy, Netter, OR
- Color Atlas of Anatomy, Rohen, Yokchi, Lutjin-Drecoll
*last updated: 11/7/2011